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Water retention refers to excessive accumulation of fluid in body tissues which leads to swelling and puffiness. It generally occurs in the feet, hands, ankles and legs, but can affect other parts of the body as well.It can be caused by factors like high sodium intake, poor circulation, lack of exercise, insect bite, surgery, malnutrition, venous insufficiency, stress, pregnancy, menstruation, hot weather, allergies, high blood pressure, heart problems, kidney problems, chronic lung disease, liver disease, thyroid disorders, sedentary lifestyle, certain medications and oral contraceptives.
Common signs and symptoms of water retention include swelling, puffiness, stiff joints, weight gain, increased pulse rate, bloated feeling, stretched or shiny skin and dimpling of the skin after being pressed for a few seconds.Water retention is not harmful but it can be a sign of an underlying condition. Observe these simple lifestyle changes and follow easy home remedies to get some relief from the symptoms.

Dandelion has a diuretic effect which makes it a great solution for removing excess water from the body. It is also loaded with potassium, which helps balance sodium levels in the body. Being rich in magnesium, it is good for relieving pre-menstrual bloating. Steep one teaspoon of dried dandelion herb in a cup of hot water for 10 minutes. Strain and drink this tea up to three times a day.

Parsley has excellent diuretic properties. Put two teaspoons of dried parsley leaves in a cup of boiling water. Steep for 10 minutes. Drink it three thrice a day. Also drink a mixture of fresh parsley juice and lemon juice.

Epsom salt bath can help to get rid of water retention and a bloated tummy through reverse osmosis. It flushes out excess fluids and toxins from the body, soothes sore muscles and calms the nerves. Mix one cups of Epsom salt in warm bathwater. Soak in it for about 15 minutes.

Lemon Juice helps to flush out excess fluid and toxins from the body. Mix two tablespoons of lemon juice in a cup of warm water and sweeten it with honey. Drink the solution.

Fennel Seeds acts as a diuretic and increase sodium and water output from the kidneys. It also prevents the accumulation of toxins in the body, aids digestion and relieves gas. Put one teaspoon of fennel seeds in a cup of hot water. Cover the lid and let it steep for 10 minutes, then strain it. Drink this tea thrice a day.

Cranberry juice is another popular home remedy to cure water retention because of its diuretic properties. It contains minerals like magnesium, potassium and calcium that help to maintain proper fluid balance. Drink a glass of unsweetened cranberry juice daily for relief.

Regular massage is another effective way to reduce swelling and pain caused by water retention. Gentle Massage creates pressure on the affected skin and muscle areas. This activates the lymphatic system and the fluid drains away naturally.Warm some mustard oil, olive oil or coconut oil. Massage the affected area gently with the warm oil.

Flaxseeds are an effective remedy for water retention. The anti-inflammatory property of flaxseeds can help reduce swelling and pain. Flaxseeds aid in detoxification which means it help to get rid of harmful toxins. Add 1 teaspoon of ground flaxseeds to a glass of warm water. Drink it twice daily.Massage the affected area with flaxseed oil a few times daily

Exercise, yoga and other physical activities such as swimming and jogging can help prevent water retention as well as reduce the intensity of symptoms since water retention is most common in those living sedentary lifestyle. For water retention in the lower limbs, soak the feet in warm water for about 10 minutes, then soak in cold water for about 30 seconds. Opt for a cold compress to alleviate swelling on the feet due to pregnancy. For water retention in the hands or arms, rest the arms above the level of heart for about 20 minutes, twice a day.

For legs, use pillows to raise the legs above the level of heart for 20 minutes. Use compression stockings, sleeves and gloves to prevent fluid from collecting in the tissues. Avoid prolonged sitting and standing as it enhances the pooling of fluids in the limbs.