Kidneys are pair of bean-shaped organs that remove waste products from the blood and produce urine. One kidney is placed on the left side and other in the right side of the rear abdominal cavity. Blood flows through the kidneys which filter excess water, waste products and chemicals from the blood which are diverted to the bladder. The kidneys also produce hormones including calcitriol, erythropoietin. The kidneys also make substances that help control blood pressure and regulate the formation of red blood cells.

Disease of the Kidney is known as Nephropathy. Glomeruli are the tiny units within the kidney where blood is filtered. IgA or immunoglobulin A is an antibody that plays a key role in your immune system. This antibody attacks invading pathogens and fights infections. IgA nephropathy is the most common glomerulonephritis throughout the world. IgA nephropathy also known as Berger disease is a form of inflammation of the glomeruli of the kidney. It occurs when an antibody called immunoglobulin A (IgA) lodges in your kidneys. This lodging causes inflammation of the glomeruli and hampers the working of the kidneys. IgA nephropathy is a slow progression to chronic kidney failure. No cure exists for IgA nephropathy. Some medications and herbs can slow its course. Keeping blood pressure under control and reducing cholesterol levels can also slow disease progression.

Some tests that help to identity the disease are urine tests for presence of blood and protein. Blood test for increased level of creatinine. Iothalamate clearance test, Ultrasound or X-rays or biopsy of kidneys.

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Signs and symptoms of IgA Nephropathy

Early stages of IgA nephropathy will show no symptoms. The disease can go unnoticed for long time. It is first suspected when routine tests reveal protein and red blood cells in urine.
  • Hematuria- Repeated Dark or tea-colored urine caused by red blood cells in the urine. Occasionally patient can even see blood in the urine
  • Cloudy or foamy urine due to protein presence
  • Infection in the upper respiratory or can also occur in other parts.
  • Pain in the one side or both sides of your back below your ribs.
  • Swelling (edema) in your hands and feet
  • High blood pressure
  • Loin pain can also occur.
  • Acute kidney failure may occur


Causes

Researches and Studies are not able to find exact cause of IgA deposits in the kidneys. Some conditions that may be associated with IgA deposits are:-
  • Genes play an important role because IgA nephropathy is more frequent in some families and certain ethical groups.
  • Liver diseases
  • Celiac disease
  • Dermatitis herpetiformis
  • Bacterial or viral Infections


Complications
  • High blood pressure. IgA can put you in the vicious cycle. IgA deposits can raise your blood pressure then high blood pressure can further damage to your kidneys.
  • High cholesterol can increase changes of heart attack.
  • Acute kidney failure.
  • Chronic kidney failure.
  • Nephritic syndrome.


What can be done?

Managing severe forms of IgA nephropathy can be difficult. Keeping your kidneys healthy is the key to deal with IgA nephropathy
  • Reduce salt intake
  • Lose excess weight
  • Remain physically active
  • Avoid alcohol
  • Reduce high blood pressure
  • Regularly check blood pressure at home
  • Eat less protein




Kidney failure herbs

Punarnava (Boerhavia diffusa) also known as Hog Weed. It is found in various parts of India. It rejuvenates the damaged cells of the body and also eliminates the extra water accumulated in body tissues naturally. It will further stop the body from storing extra water. It also has mild laxative property which will help to keep the system clean and detoxed. It helps to maintain blood pressure.

Varuna (Crataeva nurvala) main constituents are saponins, alkaloids, tannins, flavonoids, triterpenes and glucosilinates. It is diuretic, antilithiatic, rubefacient and anti-inflammatory. Varuna’s bark is antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and it also has urinary-renal supportive qualities. It is laxative and the leaves are stomachic and tonic.

Gokshur (Tribulus terrestris)- Gokshura helps to treat urogenital diseases like bladder infection, urinary tract infection and kidney stones. It acts as a diuretic and lithotriptic. It aids to flush out kidney or gallbladder stones. It helps promote general urinary tract health by eliminating painful/bleeding urination and presence of crystals in urine.

Rakt chandan (P. Santalinus) - It is Analgesic, Anticonvulsant, Antidiabetic, Antiexudative, Antipyretic, Antispasmodic, Astringent, Depurative, Diaphoretic, Expectorant, Fungicide, Hypoglycemic, Tonic, Tranquilizer. When applied externally its paste of the wood gives cooling effect on inflammations and head-aches.

Kaasni (Cichorium intybus) - It purifies blood and the liver. It is one of the popular herbs and is used for the healing in several ailments. It contains a powerful antioxidant called vitamin C and other nutrients like iron, calcium, minerals, potassium and phosphorus.

Apamarg (Prickly chaff) - The flowers, seeds, leaves and roots of the herb are used for medicinal purpose. It is a good remedy for inflammation of the internal organs.

Author Bio

Dr. Vikram Chauhan (MD-Ayurvedic Medicine) is an expert Ayurveda consultant in mohali (India). He has vast experience of herbs and their applied uses. He has successfully treated numerous patients suffering from various ailments, throughout the world. He is CEO and Founder of Krishna Herbal Company and Planet Ayurveda in Chandigarh, India. To know more about IgA nephropathy and other kidney diseases and treatment in Ayurveda, visit us at http://www.planetayurveda.com, call us at +91-172-521-4030, email us at [email protected]