Liver is one of the vital organs of humans. Its function is to metabolize, or breakdown nutrients from food to produce energy, when need. It helps body to fight infection by removing bacteria from the blood. It produces most of the substances that regulate blood clotting. It produces bile, a compound needed to digest fat and to absorb vitamins A, D, E and K. It produces most proteins needed by the body. It prevents shortages of nutrients by storing vitamins, minerals and sugar. It removes potentially toxic by products of certain medications.

fatty liver is a condition in which liver has more fat than 5-10 percent of the liverís weight. This accumulated fat hinders in the normal working of the liver. Fatty liver is one of the common conditions occurring throughout the world. Liver problems are mostly related to consumption of alcohol. But it is not true even people who do not take alcohol at all also suffer from the liver problems.

There are two main types of fatty liver

1. Alcoholic fatty liver disease- It can occur from drinking moderate and large amounts of alcohol

2. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) - It can occur to people who are obese, have diabetes, have high levels of triglycerides or LDL cholesterol or have high blood pressure. It is more common in men that in women.

Fat in liver is not harmful but if it leads to inflammation and scarring of liver it can become life threatening. It is called non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) if it is not caused due to drinking of alcohol. If inflammation and scarring is due to consumption of alcohol it is called alcoholic hepatitis. Further damaging can cause liver cirrhosis or liver cancer.

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Symptoms of Fatty Liver

Fatty Liver has very less or no symptoms especially at the early stages. If the condition of the patient worsens he might feel
  • Abdominal discomfort is felt especially at the right side or center.
  • Poor appetite
  • Weight loss and Weakness
  • Fatigue
  • At times one make be nauseated
  • Patient might find hard to concentrate and will be confused most of the times.
  • Enlarged liver
  • Skin of the patient might become patchy, dark, and discoloured, mainly around the neck or underarm area.


Causes of Fatty Liver
  • Large or sometimes even moderate consumption of alcohol. This is the most common cause.
  • Some medications
  • Lot of intake of toxins in food and drinks.
  • Viruses like Hepatitis A
  • Excess of weight
  • High levels of LDL cholesterol and high triglycerides also affects liver.
  • High Blood pressure
  • Type 2 Diabetes
  • Genetic Factors
  • Malnutrition
  • Pregnancy


Diet and lifestyle for Fatty Liver
  • To further stop the damage to the liver consumption of alcohol should be stopped.
  • Sugar intake in all the forms should be reduced to a minimum.
  • Medications that lead to fatty liver disease should be stopped and if not possible should be replaced with a different one.
  • Weight loss will help to reduce amount of fat deposited around liver.
  • Practise yoga and liver exercises.
  • If you are suffering from malnutrition improve your diet.
  • Avoid fried food, non-vegetarian food, spicy food and dairy products
  • Follow healthy eating habits and do not overeat especially at night.
  • Reduce stress level in life and take plenty of sleep.
  • Reduce amount to fat in food to reduce work of liver and stick to healthy food options.
  • Avoid saturated and hydrogenated fats
  • Say no to drugs
  • Avoid highly processed food and pre-packed food as it has lot of preservatives.
  • Consume Spinach, lettuce, Broccoli, Cabbage, Sprouts, Grapefruit, lemons, Avocados, beetroot, Garlic, Turmeric and walnuts for healthy liver.
  • Take Green tea as it has lots of anti oxidants.




Herbs beneficial for treatment of fatty liver

Ayurveda has found various herbs which prove to combat fatty liver condition. These herbs have no side effects and start curing problem day one.

Amalaki, Daruharidra, Babhitaki, Devdaru, Bhringraj, Guduchi, Bhumiamalaki, Haridra, Chavya, Haritaki, Chitrakamool, Indrayava, Dantimool, Kalmegh, Kasani, Katuki, Marich, Mool, Mustak, Pippali, Punarnava, Pushkar, Sharpunkha, Shunthi, Trivrit, and Vidanga are some of the herbs that help to fight fatty liver conditions.

These herbs also help in other liver problems like liver enlargements, for detoxification of body, jaundice, liver cirrhosis and correcting levels of SGOT &SGPT.