Ajagandha

Ajagandha consists of the seeds of Cleome gynandra Linn. Syn. Gynandropsis
gynandra (Linn.) Briquet (Fam. Capparidaceae); a strong smelling, somewhat foetid herb,
0.6 – 1 m high, found abundantly throughout warmer parts of India.

SYNONYMS
Sanskrit : Pasugandha
Assamese : Bhutmulla
Bengali : Hurhuria, Shulte
English : Dog Mustard
Gujrati : Talvani, Dhelitalavan
Hindi : Hulhul, Hurhur, Kavalia
Kannada : Naram bele Soppu, Nayeetulasi
Kashmiri : Gandi Buti
Malayalam : Atunari vela
Marathi : Tilvan, Bhatvan, Mabli, Tilavana, Tilvant
Oriya : Anasorisia, anasorisa
Punjabi : Bugra
Tamil : Nal valai, Nal velai
Telugu : Vaminta,

DESCRIPTION
a) Macroscopic
Seeds, small, 1-2 mm in diameter, kidney shaped, surface rough, dark brown or
black.

b) Microscopic
Dark brown, oily; under microscope shows a number of fragments of epidermis of
testa consisting of thin-walled, polygonal cells; groups of cells, resembling like stone
cells, reddish-brown with non-lignified walls; a large number of oval, rounded or
irregularly shaped protein bodies; starch and crystals absent.

Foreign matter Not more than 2%
Total Ash Not more than 7%
Acid-insoluble ash Not more than 0.4%
Alcohol-soluble extractive Not less than 16%
Water-soluble extractive Not less than 7%

CONSTITUENTS – Fixed oil, essential oil and oleoresin.
PROPERTIES AND ACTION
Rasa : Katu
Guna : Laghu, Ruksa
Virya : Sita
Vipaka : Katu
Karma : Sulaghni, dipana, Hrdya, Pittala, Vatahara

IMPORTANT FORMULATIONS – Narayana Curna
THERAPEUTIC USES – Gulma, Ashtila,Krmiroga,Kandu, Karnaroga
DOSE – 1-3 g of the drug in powder form.