Agni

Agni are the enzymes, or “fire,” that drive all digestion and metabolism in the Hindu medical practice of Ayurveda. The digestive and absorption process is called Pakwagni (digestive fire).

Digestive fire, synonymous with properly balanced cell metabolism in Western medicine.

The pachak (stomach and small intestine) has 13 Jatharagni (digestive enzymes or “fire”) that occur in four different states: samagni (normal), Visamagni (abnormal), Tikshanagni (increased) and Mandagni (decreased).[1]

Samanagni is the state of complete balance. All three doshas: vata, pitta and kaphha are in total balance. When Agni is disturbed by Vata, the condition is known as Vishamagni. When Pitta affects Agni, the condition is known Tikshagni. When Kapha affects Agni, the condition is known Mandagni.

The composer of Hareet Samhita writes that condition of Samanagni depends upon whether the doshas (Vata, pitta, and kaphha) are all in normal stage. When Vata, Pitta, Kaphha are unequal, the condition is known as Vishamagni. When Pitta is higher than normal, the condition is known as Teekshagni. When Vata and Kaphha are higher than normal, the condition is known as Mandagni.

Form of heat basis to the digestive system.